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What factors contribute to antibiotic resistance?

antibiotic resistance



Antibiotics are essential medicines, Many medicines are effective in treating bacterial infections Antibiotics can help to stop the disease from spreading. Antibiotics can also help to prevent major illness consequences,

However, several antibiotics that were once treatment options for bacterial infections are no longer effective. Furthermore, certain antibiotics are ineffective against some microorganisms Antibiotic resistance occurs when an antibiotic no longer works against a particular strain of bacteria. One of the world’s most pressing health issues is antibiotic resistance.

Antibiotic abuse and misuse are major contributors to resistance to antibiotics. The general public, health care providers, and hospitals can all play a role in ensuring that the medications are used correctly. Antibiotic resistance may be slowed as a result of this, At Albro pharma, we have quality medicine about antibiotics that are recognized nationwide.

What factors contribute to antibiotic resistance?

When bacteria mutate in any way, they become resistant to drugs. The modification could either protect the bacteria from the drug’s effects or limit the drug’s ability to reach the bacterium. Alternatively, the alteration could cause the bacteria to alter or destroy the medicine.

Bacteria that survive antibiotic treatment can proliferate and pass on antibiotic resistance. Furthermore, certain bacteria can pass on their drug-resistance genes to other bacteria. This is analogous to their passing on survival advice to one another.

It is natural and anticipated for microorganisms to develop antibiotic resistance. However, how medications are reused has an impact on how quickly and to what extent resistance develops.

Overuse of antibiotics

Antibiotic resistance is promoted by misuse of antibiotics, particularly when drugs are used incorrectly. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, around one-third of people’s antibiotic use is unnecessary or inappropriate

Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial illnesses. They do not, however, treat viral infections (viral infections). Antibiotics, for example, are the proper treatment for strep throat, which is caused by bacteria. However, it isn’t the best treatment for most sore throats caused by viruses.

Antibiotics are ineffective against the following common viral infections:


  • Nasal congestion due to a cold or a runny nose
  • The flu is a contagious illness (influenza)
  • Bronchitis
  • The majority of coughs
  • Some cases of ear infections
  • Sinus infections are common.
  • Gastrointestinal flu
  • 2019 is the year of the coronavirus (COVID-19)
  • Cough caused by whooping cough (pertussis)

When you use an antibiotic to treat a viral infection,

The drug targets microorganism in your body, these are bacteria that are either beneficial or don’t cause disease. This erroneous treatment can lead to the development of antibiotic-resistant characteristics.

Antibiotic resistance’s consequences

For many years, the development of antibiotic resistance outpaced the introduction of new antibiotics. However, in recent years, the rate of medication resistance has accelerated, resulting in an increasing number of healthcare issues.

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria cause more than 2.8 million infections in the world each year, resulting in 35,000 deaths.

Among the other consequences of drug-resistant diseases are:

  • More serious illness
  • Recovery time is longer.
  • Hospitalizations that are more frequent or last longer
  • More visits to healthcare providers
  • More expensive treatments
  • Antibiotic use in a responsible manner

It’s all too easy to quit taking an antibiotic as soon as you start to feel better. To kill the disease-causing bacteria, however, you must complete the treatment. If you do not take an antibiotic as directed, you may need to restart treatment. It can also encourage the spread of antibiotic-resistant traits among hazardous bacteria if you stop taking it.

Stewardship of antibiotics

Antibiotic stewardship, or the proper use of antibiotics, can help with:

Maintain the efficacy of current antibiotics

Antibiotics’ shelf lives should be extended.

Antibiotic-resistant illnesses must be avoided.

Antibiotic side effects can be avoided if drugs are used incorrectly.

New criteria for diagnosing and treating infections have been implemented by several hospitals and medical societies. These guidelines were created to ensure that appropriate treatments for bacterial infections are administered and to limit the misuse of antibiotics, At Albro pharma, we have high-quality antibiotics that are effective and widely used by common people in Pakistan.


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